Bacterial meningitis is caused by a microorganism like Streptococcus pnuemoniae; viral meningitis is usually caused by pathogens like enteroviruses.
If meningitis symptoms are evident in a person, then a diagnosis must be performed right away to determine the type of bacterial infection the patient has. In a hospital facility, a physician should make a rapid assessment by taking a little sample of the CSF or cerebrospinal fluid for the diagnosis of the disease. This method is termed as a spinal tap or lumbar puncture. It is done by introducing a needle between the fourth and fifth lumbar space. Cerebrospinal fluid is collected by extracting some drops from it. This course of action can be occasionally painful so local anesthetic is used to prevent the patient from feeling severe pain.
Spinal meningitis is a disease that causes the swelling of the inner lining of the spinal cord and the brain.
The inflammation can result in the destruction of neurons or nerve cells. The contraction of this condition is identified as a medical emergency due to the following reasons: 1. the disease has a high mortality or death rate if left not treated, and 2. the manifestations are tremendously painful and can pilot to secondary deficiencies that may be severe. Spinal meningitis is distinguished by the swelling of membranes inside the spinal cord. The manifestations of spinal meningitis involve hyperthermia (over 100 degree Fahrenheit), dementia, nucchal rigidity, and severe headache.