A nervous breakdown can be characterized by an acute psychological and emotional “downfall,” a colloquial term.
“Nervous breakdown” is not a formal term but, rather, a casual term used by most people to refer to a broad range of mental disorders. This condition occurs when a patient is unproductive in society. He can’t perform his social functions anymore, and he experiences a severe form of depression. This person can also withdraw himself from reality. Frequently, it can occur subsequent to an extended period of depression or stress.
What is a Nervous Breakdown?
The incapacity of the patient to function normally can happen in both the personal arena and work. The debilitating effects of this disorder will result in difficulty in completing his social and job responsibilities. Patients with this condition can also develop emotional, mental, and physical manifestations. A patient exhibiting manifestations of a nervous breakdown can feel weakness, extreme fatigue, confusion, feelings of worthlessness, periods of unmanageable crying, and disorientation.
The patient can as well have an extreme weight gain or loss, loss of confidence and self-esteem, feelings of despair and guilt, and sleeplessness. In some instances, the patient can have a catatonic posture or an incapacity to move. A nervous breakdown may seem to be a simple problem, but this should be treated as a serious condition. It must not be ignored without due consideration.
A nervous breakdown involves a panic or anxiety attack. Various anxiety and extended panic attacks may result in a nervous breakdown. An existence of distinct depression is a typical cause as well. There are other identified explanations why a patient may have a nervous breakdown. Persons dealing with noteworthy grief, failing in school, losing a long-held job, and having a divorce could cause a nervous breakdown without sufficient support. Experiencing any of the mentioned conditions can cause an emotional reaction that seems too much to deal with.
Although a nervous breakdown is frequently characterized as having an acute and sudden occurrence, this condition typically is not. Stress may build up. When patients don’t seek medical help in the early stages of the condition, their anxiety or panic may rise gradually. Unwillingness to seek help from mental health institutions in the early phase of stressful situations can eventually lead to a nervous breakdown. Inversely, patients who are able to use talk therapy and medications at the commencement of a stressful event may surpass a nervous breakdown because of having a strong support system.
Mental disorders can set off a nervous breakdown. Ailments linked with this condition involve anxiety disorders, depression, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorders. These conditions are regularly present at some level prior to a mental breakdown. Management for this illness, especially using therapies and medications, can help a person suffering a breakdown. It must be emphasized that psychiatric intervention or hospitalization may not always be utilized in these conditions because not all management methods work immediately. The patient may need various adjustments to drugs prior to being completely helped. A patient with bipolar symptoms who abruptly shifts into a depressive state may have a breakdown.
What are the Nervous Breakdown Symptoms?
There were identified emotional, behavioral, and physical warning manifestations of a mental breakdown which include the following:
• Sleeplessness or insomnia
• IBS or irritable bowel syndrome
• Breathing difficulties
• Severe headaches or migraines
• Low sexual drive
• Memory loss
• Irregular menstrual cycle
• Extreme fatigue or exhaustion
• Feelings of consistent panic or anxiety attacks
• Loss of appetite
• Visual disturbances
• Feelings of despair
• Restlessness and Agitation
• Loss of self-esteem and confidence
• Incontrollable crying
• Poor judgment skills
• Social withdrawal
• Auditory hallucinations
• Dysfunctional lifestyle
• Alcohol and drug abuse
• Visual hallucinations
• Suicidal ideations
• Night terrors and flashbacks
• Mood swings
• Odd behaviors and body movements
• Agitation and aggression
In severe conditions, psychosis can happen when the patient experiences an absolute loss of contact with reality. The manifestations may involve visual hallucinations, feelings of persecution, and a strange pattern of speech and behavior as well as ostentation.
What are the Causes of a Nervous Breakdown?
Mental breakdown will always have a catalyst or a triggering factor that contributes to the occurrence of the attack. This condition usually comes about from a drastic change in a person’s life such as a death of a family member, broken relationship, and monetary difficulties. Contributing factors that may lead to a mental breakdown include:
• Excessive use of alcohol and drugs
• Family history
• Stressful events
• Co-existing medical diseases, such as thyroid disorders (See: Thyroid symptoms), vitamin deficiencies, movement disorders, limb and skin problems, etc.
• Anxiety due to drastic changes
• Emotional problems or extreme guilt
A nervous breakdown symptoms can be found in anybody so it is necessary for the public to be aware of it. It is best for that person to seek medical help in its early stages to prevent other complications from taking place.
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