Narcissistic Personality Disorder

People with an overly dramatic personality can be a possible case of narcissistic personality disorder.


Narcissistic personality disorder might appear the usual dominant personality of a person. Some may say that every person has unique personality. Thus, whether someone is the dominant or submissive type of person, each character must be accepted and respected. Indeed, every person is unique. However, acceptable behaviors have limitations. Some might be considered part of a person’s personality but others might be too much that they become part of a disorder.

Furthermore, this disorder is not just characterized by a dominant personality. There are vast numbers of annoying and unacceptable characteristics that might affect the life of the person suffering from the disorder including the people around him.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Signs and Symptoms

The following are the distinct characteristics and behaviors that define the symptoms and signs of narcissistic personality disorder:

1. Exaggerated vanity

Persons with this disorder may exhibit excessive love for self. They are egocentric or self-centered. They feel like they are the world’s center of attraction. They have sense of too much self-importance.

2. Grandiosity

In this mental disorder, affected individuals believe that they are superior to others. They believe that they are better or best at everything compared to other people. They feel that their characteristics or personal features are incomparable. They simply believe that they are highly incredible.

3. Attention seekers

This disorder makes a person crave too much for attention and appreciation from other people. They have the tendency to become histrionic at times to capture others interest. They don’t want being ignored. They wanted to be always noticed in whatever means.

4. Manipulative behavior

Affected individuals of the aforementioned disorder believe they are in control of everything. They are overly demanding and they don’t accept ‘no’ as answer to their requests. Likewise, they are exploitative in nature. They use other people to the extent for their own benefit.

5. Lack of empathy for others

Individuals with the said disorder have lack of understanding for others feelings or emotions. They are people who simply don’t care about anyone else. Most of the time, they may abuse others verbally or emotionally without remorse.

6. Arrogant attitude

This mental disorder can make someone become excessively confident and arrogant. This can be associated with the person’s belief that he or she is superior to others. In fact, a person with this disorder intentionally degrades other people to declare superiority.

7. Fragile self-esteem

Another characteristic evident to this mental illness is fragile self-esteem. The affected person is oversensitive to criticisms. Positive statements will be highly appreciated but negative comments are considered humiliation or threat to the person’s self-esteem. This disorder makes the person close-minded. Hence, they don’t accept defeats neither remarks that appear not favorable to their beliefs or principles.

8. Believes that they are special

Being self-centered, narcissists believe they are special with all the exceptional personal characteristics they possess. Hence, they believe that they deserve special treatment. They hate being treated equally with others.

9. Insecure or believes that others are insecure of her or him

Narcissists believe that they are superior beings. Hence, they believe that other people are generally jealous of their power, brilliant mind, stunning beauty or perfect life. On the other hand, when narcissists are confronted by other individuals’ impressive qualities, they feel being overshadowed. Consequently, they feel too much insecurity that may prompt them to find ways to debase the other person and retrieve their crown as the only superior being.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Causes

The cause of this mental illness remains a mystery. It is still unknown, yet there are contributory factors related to childhood development identified by researchers.

1. The child manifest oversensitive persona during childhood.

2. The child receives too much praise from adults for professed outstanding appearance or abilities.

3. Parents or adults provide unrealistic feedback on the child’s behaviors such as excessive praises for positive conducts and excessive condemnation for negative conducts.

4. The child is being overvalued by parents or overly neglected.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Diagnosis and Treatments

There is no definite laboratory test to diagnose narcissistic personality disorder. However, blood examinations and radiologic tests like x-ray are done to rule out other medical conditions or disease. If the patient is negative from other medical conditions, referral to mental health experts like psychiatrist or psychologist is done by the physician. These mental health professionals utilize a special tool to assess and classify the mental illness the patient is suffering from.

The treatment of choice for this mental disorder is psychotherapy. This treatment focuses on correcting the unacceptable behavior and thoughts of the affected individual through counseling. This is performed by psychotherapists.

There is no specific medication that may directly treat narcissistic personality disorder. Medications like anxiolytics (anti-anxiety drugs) and antidepressants (drugs to treat depression) are administered when the patient manifests symptoms and signs of anxiety disorders or depression.

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