Heart Disease Information includes Atherosclerosis; this may sound simple but the latter consequences of it are detrimental.
The exact reason on the occurrence of Atherosclerosis is unknown. However, there are certain conditions, habits and traits van raise your chance to have the disease. These aspects are called risk factors. The more risk factors you possess, the higher chance you’ll have to build up Atherosclerosis.
What are the Risk Factors of Atherosclerosis?
Heart Disease Information comprise of various information that links a number of risk factors associated with Atherosclerosis. The leading factor is the elevated levels of unhealthy blood cholesterol which refers to the LDL (low-density level) cholesterol or the bad cholesterol and a low level of HDL (high-density level) cholesterol or the good cholesterol. High levels of blood pressure also share the position with the other factors. Blood pressure is measured high if it remains above or at 140/90 mmHg over a period of time.
Smoking can tighten and injure blood vessels, elevate cholesterol levels and increase blood pressure. It also hinders enough oxygen to get in touch with tissues of the body. Insulin resistance is a condition that happens when the body has the inability to utilize insulin properly. The hormone insulin is responsible to move blood sugar into the cells where it is utilized as an energy source. It may lead to diabetes.
Diabetes is a disease where the blood sugar increases because of the body’s inability to use insulin appropriately. The blood in this case becomes viscous because of the high sugar content and will therefore attract more clotting factors that can contribute to the formation of Atherosclerosis. Obesity or overweight persons have the highest risk for many diseases and it includes this condition due to their excessive fatty deposits in the body. Lack of Physical Activity can aggravate other factors for this condition because it will boost other factors to make the progression of having Atherosclerosis faster.
Unhealthy diet is a risk factor for this condition especially when the person id fond of eating foods with high saturated and Trans fats, sodium, cholesterol and sugar. Old age increases the risk because as the person gets older, lifestyle of genetic aspects causes the build up of plaque deposits in the arteries. Family History of heart diseases increases the chance of having the disease specifically if the relative that had the same condition is at the first degree of familial relationship.
What is the Preventive Heart Disease Information for Atherosclerosis?
Heart Disease Information involves the four indentified risk factors for these conditions are hypertension, smoking, abnormal cholesterol levels and diabetes mellitus. As an outcome of this information, they receive the main focus on the preventive measures for this disease.
Controlling Cholesterol Abnormalities is the first main focus of prevention. The association of high levels of blood cholesterol with heart disease is well recognized. The fat metabolism is an essential contributor to the heart disease development. Fats can be transported through a water-soluble lipoprotein within the circulatory system. When there is an excessive level of LDL cholesterol, it adheres to susceptible points in the endothelium. Then plaque formation will be imminent as the macrophages engulf them.
Dietary measures are necessary and it involves the constituting the Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes that includes cessation of tobacco use, increased physical activity and weight loss. Soluble dietary fiber can help decrease cholesterol levels. They are found in cereal grains, legumes, fresh fruits that can increase the excretion of cholesterol metabolites.
Physical Activity just like regular to moderate exercise can increase the HDL cholesterol and therefore decreasing the triglyceride levels. The activity goal for each person is a 30 minute moderate exercise totality in most days. Medications are also given to control the levels of cholesterol such as using 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A or the HMG-CoA, nicotinic acids, fibric acids and bile acid sequestrants or resins. These drugs are used if diet single-handedly can not stabilize the serum cholesterol level because of its synergistic effect along with the prearranged diet.
Promoting cessation of smoking can avert the severity and development of Coronary Artery Diseases such as Atherosclerosis. Inhalation of smoke can augment the carbon monoxide levels in the blood. This will result to the decrease of oxygen-carrying capacity of red blood cells. Managing hypertension is the last part of this preventive measure. The premature detection of hypertension and the strict adherence to the treatment regimen can prevent the disease.
What are the Treatments for Atherosclerosis?
The treatment for Atherosclerosis is also included in the Heart Disease Information necessities for patients who have the highest risk of having the condition. For the pharmacological therapy, anti-platelet medications can inhibit clots to form in the blood that can be efficient in the management of atherosclerosis such as aspirin and clopidogrel or plavix. Surgical treatments are also performed to avert the complications that may com about because of this condition like Angioplasty and stent placement, carotid artery surgery and CABG or coronary artery bypass surgery (a procedure that restores the blood supply to the heart muscles by course-plotting the floe through arteries transplanted from other parts of the body.
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