Several depression medication are available to alleviate the symptoms of depression encompassed by psychotherapy and drug therapy.
Depression is a mental illness that can cause debilitating effects to the life of a person. Sometimes, people suffering from this disorder are left undiagnosed as well as untreated. Usually, the symptoms of depression are misperceived as a person’s normal reaction to an upsetting or gloomy situation. However, this negligence can lead to someone’s death.
Depression is a serious mental illness. It is different from the usual feeling of sadness or disappointment that can vanish after a short while. The symptoms of depression may last for fourteen days or longer. Definitely, these symptoms can ruin someone’s life! Thus, adequate attention is necessary to become well-informed about the signs of depression as well as its symptoms that must be watched out for. Besides, nobody knows who among the people you encounter around the workplace or along the street everyday is a victim of depression.
What are the signs of depression?
Signs of depression refer to the physical manifestations of the said disorder that are evident or observed by other individuals to the depressed person. Likewise, these are objective and measureable indicators.
Signs of depression may include the following:
1. Weight loss or weight gain
The depressed person might loss or gain about 5% of his/her body weight without indulging self into a special diet.
2. Insomnia or hypersomnia
The normal total number of sleeping hours is eight hours daily. In depression, the person experiences insomnia or sleeping less than 8 hours during sleeping hours. Otherwise, the person may experience hypersomnia or sleeping more than 8 hours even during waking hours.
What are the symptoms of depression?
While, symptoms of depression are the abnormalities experienced and observed by the depressed person himself. These manifestations are subjective and are claimed by the person experiencing them.
Symptoms of depression include the following:
1. Loss of appetite or increase in appetite
A depressed person may claim loss of appetite. The person might claim loss of pleasure from eating even his/her favorite foods due to over thinking about the stressful situation. Otherwise, the person unintentionally overeats. This can be the depressed person’s coping mechanism to forget about the stressful situation by keeping himself busy by eating too much.
Changes in the pattern of sleeping of a depressed person belong both to the signs and symptoms of depression, particularly insomnia. Insomnia and hypersomnia are measurable that makes them a sign. However, there are some aspects that make insomnia to be considered as symptom. Insomnia is also manifested by difficulty of falling asleep or getting easily awake and having difficulty of going back to sleep that can be claimed by the depressed person himself.
A depressed person always feels tired or lack of energy in performing any activity, even those that previously gives him pleasure. For instance, a person who enjoys painting suddenly loses interest on painting.
4. Feeling of worthlessness, helplessness or too much guilt about something
Depression makes a person feel unimportant. Likewise, the person feels helpless that there’s nothing he can do to improve his current situation. Lastly, the person blames himself for everything unpleasant that occurred in his life.
5. Trouble with concentration, remembering details and making decisions
A depressed person loses focus on his activities and would usually become forgetful about details. In like manner, he would find it difficult to make decisions on anything.
6. Persistent suicidal thoughts
Depressed individuals would keep on thinking about how to commit suicide. If remains untreated, the person might succeed in putting such thought into action.
What are the possible depression medication?
The depression medication include psychotherapy and depression management.
Psychotherapy deals with the person’s emotions and thoughts through counseling done by psychotherapists.
On the other hand, depression medication become necessary to be integrated with psychotherapy when the symptoms are not alleviated with psychotherapy alone. Likewise, the use of depression medication is decided upon by the mental health expert based on the degree of depression experienced by the person. For mild and moderate depression, psychotherapy is adequate. However, if there is suicidal thought and the depression is severe, the use of antidepressant drug is required.
Antidepressants are depression medication that reverse the imbalance of chemical activities in the brain back to the normal state. Results from various researches had presented that the changes on the depressed person’s emotions and thoughts are associated with the chemical imbalance in the brain. Thus, symptoms of depression are controlled as well when the said chemical activity is on equilibrium.
The antidepressant of choice is the Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors or SSRIs. This group of drugs has lesser side effects that make it the first-line of drugs prescribed by experts. Other groups of antidepressants are Tricyclics,Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors or MAOIs, Heterocyclics and Mood Stabilizers. The prescribed antidepressant will be consumed by the depressed person for six months or longer depending on the progress of his condition. However, proper guidance regarding drug intake is essential to avoid depression relapse. The right dosage of the drug and duration of taking it should be decided upon by the physician.
A depressed person can be considered on full recovery status if signs and symptoms of depression are no longer experienced for four up to six months. Many studies had revealed that antidepressant alone could not totally lead a depressed person to full recovery. Besides, the depression medication would only reverse the chemical imbalance in the brain but would not attend to the psychological needs of the person. Therefore, drug therapy must be integrated with psychotherapy for a successful treatment regimen.
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