Bladder Cancer Symptoms should not be overlooked – the earlier it’s diagnosed, the better prognosis you’ll have.
Prostatic cancer combined with Bladder Cancer is a widespread urologic malignancy that accounts for about 90% for all tumor seen. It is a malignancy that can arise from other adjacent organs that has invasion carcinoma cells and other cancer cells. The spread of cancer cells to other organs or systems is termed as metastasis.
The main system involved in this condition is the urinary system. It is the system responsible for the excretion of urine and other toxic substances in the body such as ammonia and urea. It also maintains the water balance in the body and helps in the regulation of blood pressure by activating the Renin-Angiotensin Mechanism. The responsible organ that holds the urine is the urinary bladder (a muscular sac). It is situated at the rear of the pubis and at the front of the pelvis. The walls of the bladder can be stretched to its maximum point, which triggers the person’s urge to urinate. All parts of the urinary system can be affected by cancerous cells if the bladder cancer is left untreated.
How Bladder Cancer develop in the Body?
Reoccurrence of Bladder Cancer Symptoms is always possible because bladder cancer has a high probability to develop malignant alterations. However, it is possible that malignant cells that implant in the bladder have just transferred from a formerly affected location. The lethal cancer cells that can affect the bladder are the squamous carcinoma cells, transitional carcinoma cells, adenocarcinomas, rhabdomyosarcomas and small carcinoma cells that are also found in lung cancer.
The transitional carcinoma cells include the progression of a tumor with papillary characteristics that projects into the bladder’s lumen. If not immediately taken care of, these cells can spread to the basement membrane then to the lamina propria which can lead to futher metastasis to other organs and damage to the bladder. Squamous cell carcinoma is a derivative from the urothelium of the bladder. Other types of cancer cells are rarely to transpire but still there are some recorded cases that their occurrence is documented.
What are Bladder Cancer Symptoms?
Usually, bladder tumor can be found at the orifice of the urethra and at the base of the bladder. The first and early sign of Bladder Cancer Diagnosis is painless hematuria. Hematuria is the existence of RBCs or red blood cells in the urine. Then, it is followed by dysuria (painful urination), urinary frequency, abdominal pain, back pain, weight loss, and anorexia.
Dysuria can both be caused by infection or non-infectious conditions like cancer. It is usually a late sign in cancer and is usually what prompts people to seek consultation. Urinary urgency is described as the uncontrollable urge of a person to urinate. It is caused by the abrupt unintentional contraction of the bladder wall. Back pain can occur due to the pressure of the tumor or the growth of the malignant cells in the bladder to the lumbar area of the spine. Abdominal pain is also described to be referred pain that originates from the bladder. The loss of appetite and weight loss can be a result of the condition or the medications that a person is taking.
What are the Risk Factors of Bladder Cancer?
One of the leading risk factors for Bladder Cancer is smoking. About 50% of men and 30% or women diagnosed with bladder cancer are smokers. The effect of smoking relies on how long the person has been smoking and on the number of cigarette sticks he consumes in a day. People who smoke heavily, and those who have been smoking for a longer time have a greater likelihood of developing bladder cancer along with other types of cancer.
There are several toxic substances wastes that form a cigarette. These toxic substances enter your lungs and is then transported by the blood to every part of the body. Since the main function of your urinary system is to excrete waste products and toxic substances (See: Toxic shock syndrome), your bladder and other urinary organs have a great risk of developing cancer.
Genetic factors should also be looked into because cancer can be inherited through our genetic make up. A close degree of relationship to a bladder cancer sufferer will give you higher susceptibility to the disease. Men are said to be more predisposed to have this condition. Exposure to aniline dyes, phenols and arsenic substances may increase the risk of bladder cancer. Although chemotherapy and radiation therapy are part of the tradtional treatment regimen for cancer, they can also increase the risk of the development of cancer. Recurrent bacterial infection, stones in the bladder and high cholesterol levels in the body can further contribute to its existence.
What is the Pharmacologic Therapy for Bladder Cancer Symptoms?
Chemotherapy is a fundamental treatment for cancers in general. It is used in adjunction with radiation therapy and surgery. Pharmacologic compositions of this therapy are Methotrexate, Adriamycin, Cisplatin and Vinblastine. They are administered through intravenous route and are carefully handled due to their toxicity.
Bladders Cancer Symptoms can improve or worsen during the administration of these therapies but it can possibly prolong a patient’s life. Upon administration, anti-cancer drugs are encased by a black plastic bag or any dark covering because it can easily crystallize when exposed to light. The purpose of giving these medications is to destroy malignant cells in the body. However, side effects can occur during the course of treatment. The common side effects are photosensitivity, alopecia, anemia, amenorrhea, stomatitis, diarrhea and low immune system.
Other Urinary System Diseases, Symptoms and Diagnosis