Anxiety disorder symptoms could be as mild as difficulty in concentrating, or as severe as highly elevated blood pressure.
Anxiety is normal. Humans are born worriers. A slight elevation in anxiety might prove to be even healthy. Then again, when your anxiety gets out of hand, that is where problems arise. People usually manifest anxiety disorder symptoms when their worry overrides their rational thinking. Some people are really prone to over-thinking a certain situation. However, a predisposition to over-thinking is not the primary cause of anxiety disorders. In this article, we would be learning about anxiety disorder symptoms, causes and treatments and ho it differs from anxiety attacks. If you want to know more about this condition, I suggest you read on.
Causes of Anxiety Disorders
The causes for anxiety disorders have never been really established. However, researchers and experts have outlined some factors that may cause the onset of anxiety disorders.
- Stress and Trauma
- GABA neurotransmitters – they function as regulators of the excitatory mechanisms of the brain. Low GABA levels would mean increased anxiety. Too low levels would result to epilepsy.
There are many different types of anxiety disorders, one of them being anxiety attack. This is more popularly known as panic attack. Studies have shown that females are more prone to having anxiety attacks than males. There is also no specific age group in where this type of condition can be isolated. Anyone can have panic attacks, even children.
Diagnosing Anxiety Disorders
The diagnosis for this type of condition would be based on the anxiety disorder symptoms manifested. The following information would be needed in order to know which category a certain patient belongs to:
- Causative factor
- Activities of daily living affected by the condition
There are actually 6 categories under anxiety disorders. Those are GAD or generalized anxiety disorder, OCD or obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety attacks or panic disorder, phobias or phobia disorder, PTSD or post-traumatic stress disorder and SAD or social anxiety disorder. For now, we would be focusing on panic disorder and how it differs from anxiety disorder.
To know whether it is just a mild anxiety disorder or a full blown anxiety attack, you must know how to spot the difference. We will be discussing those in the next paragraph.
Anxiety Attack Symptoms vs. Anxiety Disorder Symptoms
Know that an anxiety attack is a subcategory under anxiety disorders. Basing on that alone, we can safely conclude that anxiety attack symptoms would be a lot worse compared to anxiety disorder symptoms, right? Let’s find out.
Anxiety disorder symptoms:
- Continuous worrying
- Tension headaches
- Difficulty in concentrating
- Feelings of nausea
- Frequent urination
Anxiety attack symptoms:
- Sudden rush of excessive panic
- Elevated blood pressure
- Difficulty breathing and/or hyperventilation
And as you can see, anxiety disorder symptoms are really a lot worse compared to anxiety disorder symptoms.
Explaining Panic Disorder
A lot of people might think that there is little or no difference at all between these six categories. In truth, there are a lot. In the case of panic disorder, a person would suddenly launch in to an all out anxiety attack for no reason at all. It could happen anywhere and anytime without warning. That is the reason why people suffering from a panic disorder have emergency medication with them. Anxiety attack symptoms could become so severe, it might merit hospitalization.
Variation in Treatment
Panic disorder, being a lot worse than anxiety disorder, would merit a more thorough treatment. With anxiety disorder, you could actually train yourself to become calmer. Basically, anxiety disorder symptoms are just symptoms of long-term worrying. Here are some tips:
- Step back and review your worries. Ask yourself, “Are they really worth getting sick over? Am I being rational or am I over-thinking again?”
- Take deep breaths. This method is very effective in helping your relax. When you feel the symptoms creeping in, try to close your eyes for a while and empty your mind. Slowly count down, starting from 10 and breathe deeply with each number.
- Find your happy place. You would need this to calm down. There are certain situations where you would need to become calm, fast. Go to your happy place, or focus on something that would distract you from worrying.
- Change. This would mean changing your lifestyle as much as possible. Cut down of caffeine, cigarettes and alcohol. It would even be better if you could give them up totally.
- Join a group. Talking about what you are going through, with people who understand you, is a great help in overcoming this condition.
With anxiety disorders, treatment might be a little more complicated. Overcoming anxiety attack symptoms would usually require medication therapy in conjunction with psychological therapy.
- Fast-relief sedatives might be prescribed to people diagnosed with having anxiety attacks. This would come in handy especially in emergency situations.
- If that certain person is suspected of having a heart condition, aspirin and blood pressure medication would be prescribed. This would lower the risk for heart attacks.
- Psychotherapy is needed to look into the issues of stress, anxiety and tension. Getting to the root cause of everything and gradually eradicating it would greatly help in the relief of symptoms.
Anxiety attack symptoms could prove to be very dangerous. It is advised that you immediately seek consultation with a physician once these symptoms are observed.
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